The Andean zone, Andes, inter-Andean region, or highlands is a geographical region of Ecuador that stretches from north to south via the Andes; its height typically varies from 1800 to 6268 meters with Chimborazo. It consists of Pichincha, Carchi, Tungurahua, Chimborazo, Cañar, Azuay, Loja, Imbabura, Bolivar, and Cotopaxi provinces.
It is distinguished by its tall mountain peaks, volcanoes, and snow-capped summits. Cotopaxi and Chimborazo are among the most notable mountains. Its ten provinces include ancient towns like as Quito, Cuenca, Latacunga, Riobamba, Ibarra, Ambato, and Loja, as well as places for handicrafts like Otavalo. There are also numerous national parks with abundant and diverse plant and animal life.
In this area, hot, moderate, and cold zones coexist. The inter-Andean area, often known as the highlands, has valleys with varying heights and temperatures. Quito, the country’s capital, is home to the Mariscal Sucre International Airport, the country’s primary airport.
The clothing styles are quite varied, yet are usually defined by warmth. Coats, jackets, and warm shoes, among other types of apparel, prevail. The indigenous people continue to wear their traditional attire, with ponchos constantly standing out.
The Andean area, also known as the Sierra, is distinguished by the preservation of unique ecosystems of high Andean moorland and peaks and valleys of exceptional aesthetic value, which are complimented by handicrafts, cuisine, and other cultural expressions. You may view the gorgeous lagoons of Mojanda, Cuicocha, and San Pablo; the famous fair of Otavalo, with its magnificent artisan market; Cuenca, the old colonial city; and the Vilcabamba Valley, a paradise of life. In this amazing natural setting, the Andean area is a popular destination for mountaineers and adventurers due to its spectacular, world-famous peaks.
In the Andean area, numerous idioms are derived from the Quichua language, which has been spoken by indigenous populations since pre-Columbian times. Quichua vocabulary such as “ao/a” or “taita” or “achahay” or “atatay” or “arraray” are used now by people of all ethnicities and socioeconomic classes in this region.